Conceptual Physics - Classification of Matter
Day 1 | Day 2 | Lab 1 | Lab 2 | Reading Assignment

This Unit's
Process Standards: 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 2.1, 2.2, 3.3, 3.4, 3.5, 4.1, 4.2, 4.4, 4.5, 4.6, 6.1, 6.3, 6.4
Content Standards: 1.1, 1.3
Instructional Technology Standards: 2.1, 4.2

  • Be able to classify matter as substances, mixtures etc.
  • Know how solutions are different from suspensions.
  • Know how elements are different from compounds.
  • Be able to give examples of physical properties.
  • Give examples of colloids, solutions, suspensions, elements and compounds.
  • Be able to give physical properties that can be used to separate a mixture.
  • Be able to give examples of how mixtures can be separated.
  • Be able to describe how photochemical smog (air pollution) forms.
  • Describe how temperature affects the amount of solute (sugar) that can dissolve in a solvent (water).

vocabulary for the week
  • Classification
  • Physical property
  • Chemical property
  • Element
  • Atom
  • Compound
  • Molecule
  • Mixture
  • Heterogeneous
  • Homogeneous
  • Solution
  • Solvent
  • Solute
  • Concentration

Classifying Matter

click to find the answer to today's question What phase of water is most common on Earth?

Why do we classify things? Study of Matter

What is classification based on? Matter has both physical and chemical characteristics. Any characteristic of a material that can be observed without changing the substances that make up the material is a physical property. Any characteristic that describes how one material interacts with another material is a chemical property.

Concept Understanding:

  1. List at least two physical properties of matter.
  2. List at least two chemical properties of matter.
  3. Classification is common around your home. Describe four classification systems you use at home.


Day 2

click to find the answer to today's question What is the solvent in air?
click for a career
Science
Technician

material safety data sheetsFour groups based on the makeup of matter:

  1. Elementslink to an Internet Website are the simplest pure substances. An element cannot be changed into simpler substances by any chemical process. Elements are made up of atoms.

    All elements listed alphabeticallylink to a local webpage

  2. Compoundslink to an Internet Website are pure substances made up of more than one element. Atoms of the elements in a compound are chemically bonded together to form molecules. Molecules are changed during chemical reactions.
  3. Mixtures consist of two or more substances mixed together but not chemically combined. Substances in mixtures can be separated by physical means.

  4. Solutions are special mixtures formed when one substance dissolves in another.
     
      Parts of a solution:
      • Solvent - the most abundant substance in the solution.
      • Solute - the least abundant substance in the solution.

      Solution concentration:

      a comparison of the amount of solute dissolved in an amount of solvent. One way is to express concentration is by using percentage of mass. For example, a 5% solution of sodium hydroxide contains 5g sodium hydroxide in each 100g of solution.

      Solutions have two main traits:

      • Particles are too small to see.
      • Particles are evenly distributed.

      All solutions are not liquids

      • Air is a solution of gases.
      • Steel is a solution of metals.
  What is the most common liquid solution on Earth?     answer

In-class Assignment 052:
This assignment must be turned in by the end of class today to receive credit.
Scoring criterialink to a local webpage

  1. What is the solvent in steel?
  2. Calculate the number of grams of NaOH in 250g of a 10% NaOH solution.

As a group (your table), ask your science facilitator for material to do the following in class:

  1. Place 10g of crushed calcium carbonate, 20g of fine sand, and 30g of small, clean pebbles in a plastic cup.
  2. Add 5g of water to the cup and stir thoroughly.
  3. Allow the combined materials to dry overnight.
  4. Remove the dry material from the cup. What is this material normally called. Which of the 4 groups of matter does it belong to?


Physical Science

Most of the water on Earth is in the liquid phase.
While oceans obviously come to mind, there are huge amounts of liquid water under ground. Much of this water is found in underground rivers known as "aquifers".

Nitrogen is the solvent in air.
Air is about 80% nitrogen. By definition, the most abundant substance in a solution is the solvent.

Sea Water is the most common liquid solution on Earth.

Ions In Sea Water